Status and Affiliation


  • Professor

Status, Affiliation:

  • Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum



Fields of Bund-Research

  • Bund in Poland between the Two World Wars


Recent Project

  • ‘The Bund in Polish Political Life, 1935-1939’ in ed. S. Zipperstein, A. Rapoport-Albert, Essays in Modern Jewish History (Peter Halban, 1988)



  • Politics in Independent Poland: The Crisis of Constitutional Government (Clarendon Press, 1972)
  • The Little Dictators: The History of Eastern Europe since 1918 (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975) Japanese translation, Tokyo, 1993.
  • The Great Powers and the Polish Question, 1941-45 (London School of Economics, 1976.
  • New edition with 2 extra chapters of Oskar Halecki, A History of Poland (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978).
  • (with B. Drukier) The Beginnings of Communist Rule in Poland, December 1943-July 1945 (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980).
  • (with R.F. Leslie, J. Ciechanowski, Z. Pełczyński) The History of Poland Since 1863 (Cambridge University Press, 1981; paperback editions 1983, 1986).
  • Fascism (Inter-University History Film Consortium, Leeds, 1981).
  • New edition with 3 extra chapters of Oskar Halecki, A History of Poland (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1983.

Books Edited

  • (with R. J. Bullen and H. Pogge von Strandmann) Ideas into Politics: Aspects of European History 1880-1950 (Croom Helm, 1984).
  • (with C. Abramsky and M. Jachimczyk) The Jews in Poland (Basil Blackwell, 1986, paperback, 1988)
  • Abraham Lewin, A Cup of Tears: A Diary from the Warsaw Ghetto (Basil Blackwell, 1988) Paperback, Fontana, 1989 (French translation) Journal du Ghetto de Varsovie: Une coupe de larmes (Plon, Paris,1990). (Japanese translation, Tokyo, 1993) (Italian translation) Una Coppa di Lacrime. Diario del ghetto di Vasovia (Ii Saggiatore, Milan, 1993).
  • (with Stanisław Gomułka) Polish Paradoxes (Routledge, 1989).
  • ‘My Brother’s Keeper?’ Recent Polish Debates on the Holocaust (Routledge, 1989).
  • (with Władysław Bartoszewski), The Jews in Warsaw (Blackwells, 1991).
  • (with Norman Davies) Jews in Eastern Poland and the USSR, 1939-1946 (MacMillan, 1991).
  • English language version of Artur Eisenbach, The Emancipation of the Jews in Poland (Blackwells, 1991).
  • Jacob Gerstenfeld-Maltiel, My Private War. One Man’s Struggle to Survive the Nazis and the Soviets, Valentine Mitchell, London, 1993.
  • Sara Rosen, My Lost World. A Survivor’s Tale, Valentine Mitchell, London, 1993. (with Jakub Basista and Andrzej Link-Lenczowski), The Jews in Old Poland 1000-1795, (I.B. Tauris and Co. Ltd, London, 1993).
  • From Shtetl to Socialism: Studies from Polin, (The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, Oxford, 1993).
  • (with Monika Adamczyk Garbowska), Raising Atlantis. Jewish Writing in the Contemporary World: Poland (Nebraska 2001), part of the series Jewish Writing in the Contemporary World, edited by Sander Gilman.
  • (with Joanna Michlic), The Neighbors Respond: The Controversy over the Jedwabne Massacre in Poland (Princeton University Press, 2004).


  • ‘The History of Interwar Poland Today’, Survey, No. 74-75, 1970.
  • ‘Libraries in Poland’, History, vol. xli, October 1971.
  • ‘Distortion of Polish Jewry’s Past’, Institute of Jewish Affairs, Research Paper, No. 6, Poland).
  • Three articles on pre-war and interwar Poland for Purnell’s History of the Twentieth Century.
  • ‘Cultural Life in Britain during the Second World War’ in C. Madajczyk (Ed.), Inter arma non silent Musae: War and Culture 1939-1945 (P.W.N., Warsaw, 1977).
  • ‘Jews in Eastern Europe after World War II: Documents from the British Foreign Office’, Soviet Jewish Affairs, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1980.
  • ‘The British and the Polish Government-in-exile’. Paper presented at the International Conference on Governments-in-exile, Imperial War Museum, 1981 and published in microform.
  • (with Michael Riff) ‘Poles, Czechoslovaks and the “Jewish Question”‘, in V. Berghahn and M. Kitchen (Eds.), Germany in the Age of Total War (Croom Helm, 1981).
  • ‘Życie Kulturalne w Wielkiej Brytanii w czasie drugiej wojny światowej’ in C. Madajczyk (Ed.), Inter arma non silent Musae: Wojna i Kultura 1939-1945 (P.W.N. Warsaw, 1982)
  • ‘The German Occupation of Poland during the First and Second World Wars: A Comparison; in R. Prete and H. Ion (Eds.), Armies of Occupation (Wilfried Laurier University Press, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 1984).
  • ‘Oxford Conference on Polish-Jewish Relations’, Soviet Jewish Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1984.
  • ‘Roman Dmowski and Italian Fascism’ in eds. R. Bullen, H. Pogge von Strandmann, A. Polonsky, Ideas into Politics: Aspects of European History 1880-1950 (London, 1984).
  • ‘Political Anti-semitism in Britain before the First World War’ Studia nad faszyzmem i zbrodniami hitlerowskimi, Volume IX, Wrocław, No. 4, 1985.
  • ‘Polish Failure in Wartime London: Attempts to Forge a European Alliance, 1940-1944’, The International History Review, Vol. VII, No. 4, 1985.
  • ‘Brandeis Conference on Interwar Polish-Jewish History’ in Soviet Jewish Affairs (June 1986)
  • ‘Kraków Conference on Jewish Autonomy in Pre-Partition Poland’ in Soviet Jewish Affairs (October 1986).
  • ‘Stalin and the Poles, 1941-1947’ European History Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, 1987.
  • ‘A Failed Pogrom: The Demonstrations following the Corpus Christi . Procession in Lwów in June 1929’, in E. Mendelsohn, Y. Gutman, K. Shmeruk, J. Reinharz (eds.), Jews in Interwar Poland (University of New England Press, 1990).
  • Fascism’ in ed. Michael Riff, Dictionary of Modern Political Ideologies (Manchester University Press, 1988).
  • ‘Jerusalem International Conference on Polish Jewry. Soviet Jewish Affairs, April 1988.
  • ‘International Conference on Polish Jews in Jerusalem’ POLIN: A Journal of Polish-Jewish Studies, Volume 3.
  • ‘Lessons from mid-Europe’, in A Year in the Life of Glasnost, the Hugh Seton-Watson Memorial Lecture and other Essays (London, 1988).
  • ‘Poles and Jews’, Present Tense, October 1988.
  • ‘The Second Republic in Contemporary Perspective’ in ed. T. Wiles, Poland Between the Wars: 1918-1939 (Bloomington, Indiana 1989).
  • ‘The Bund in Polish Political Life, 1935-1939’ in ed. S. Zipperstein, A. Rapoport-Albert, Essays in Modern Jewish History (Peter Halban, 1988).
  • ‘Władysław Sikorski as opposition politician’ in ed. K. Sword, Sikorski: Soldier and Statesman, A Collection of Essays (London, 1990).
  • ‘ “Loving and Hating the Dead”: Present day Polish Attitudes to the Jews’ in Religion, State and Society, Vol. 20, No 1, 1992.
  • ‘Liebe und Hass gegenüber den Toten’: Das gegenwärtige Verhältnis der Polen zu den Juden, in Robert Bettelheim, Silvia Prohing, Robert Streibel (eds.) Antisemitismus in Osteuropa. Aspekte einer historischen Kontinität, Picus Verlag, Vienna, 1992, 41-64.
  • ‘Artur Eisenbach a historia polsko-żydowska’, Biuletyn Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 1992, no. 4 (164), 3-18.
  • Introduction to Jacob Gerstenfeld-Maltiel, My Private War, ix-xxii.
  • Introduction to From Shtetl to Socialism.
  • ‘Some thoughts on the Warsaw ghetto uprising of April 1943’, The British Journal of Holocaust Education, Volume 2, number 1, 78-82.
  • ‘Two Strategies of Resistance, Op-ed piece on the Warsaw ghetto’, Jewish Advocate, April 1993. Reprinted in several of Jewish Newspapers.
  • ‘Polish Responses on the ‘Final Solution’ as Reflected on Some Recent Polish Literary Accounts’, The British Journal of Holocaust Education, Volume 2, number 2, 166-188.
  • ‘Modest Monuments of Words on Paper: Bearing Witness to the Holocaust Through Memoirs and Diaries’, Brandeis Review, Volume 13, number 2, 32-7.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 8, Jews in Independent Poland.
  • ‘Antisemitism in Poland: The Current State of Historical Research’, in Michael Brown (ed.) Approaches to Antisemitism: Context and Curriculum. The American Jewish Committee and The International Center for University Teaching of Jewish Civilization.
  • Article on Ghettos for I.C.B. Dear, M. Foot(eds.) Oxford Companion to the Second War, Oxford, 1995, 486-7.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 9, Poles, Jews Socialists: The Failure of an Ideal.
  • ‘From Shtetl to Socialism: Polish Jewry from the Partitions to the Twentieth Century’ in Jacques Kornberg (ed.), The ‘Golden Age’ and Beyond: Polish-Jewish History, Jewish Studies Program, University of Toronto, 1996, 16-30.
  • ‘Introduction’ to Jechiel Jeszaja Trunk, Moje życie wpisane w historią Żydów w Polsce, Warsaw, 1997, translated by Anna Clarke, 37-40.
  • ‘Beyond Condemnation, Apologetics and Apologies: On the Complexity of Polish Behaviour towards the Jews during the Second World War’, Studies in Contemporary Jewry, volume 13, edited by Jonathan Frankel, Oxford University Press, 1997, 190-224.
  • ‘The Dreyfus Affair and Polish-Jewish Interaction’, Jewish History, volume 11, no. 2, 21-40.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 11, London 1998, Focussing of Religion: Aspects and Experiences, xvii-xxii.
  • ‘Wstęp’ to Jan Tomasz Gross, Upiórna dekada. Trzy eseje o stereotypach na temat Żydów , Niemców i Kommunistów 1939-1948, Krakow, 1998.
  • ‘Introduction’ to Rafal Scharf What Do I Have to Do with You, Poland?, Frank Cass, London, 1999.
  • ‘Rafael Scharf: The Chronicler of Cracow Jewry’, ed. Sławomir Kapralski, The Jews in Poland, Volume II, Kraków, 1999, 9-18.
  • (with Israel Bartal) ‘Introduction: The Jews of Galicia under the Habsburgs’, in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 12, 3-24.
  • ‘The Failure of Jewish Assimilation in Polish Lands and its Consequences,’ The Third Goldman Lecture, Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 2000.
  • ‘The Revolutionary Crisis of 1846-49 and Its Place in the Development of Nineteenth Century Galicia’, in Zvi Gitelman et. al (eds.), Cultures and Nations of Central and Eastern Europe. Essays in Honor of Roman Szporluk, Cambridge, MA, 2000, 443-469.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 13, London, 2000, Focussing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath, 3-33.
  • ‘Warszawska Szkoła Rabinów: Orędowniczka Narodowej Integracji w Królestwie Polskim (The Warsaw Rabbinical School: Advocate of National Integration in the Kingdom of Poland’ in (ed.) M. Galas, Duchowość żydowska w Polsce (Kraków, 2000), 287-307.
  • Entry on ‘Polish Jewry’, Yale Encyclopedia of the Holocaust edited by Walter Laqueur, (Yale, 2001) 486-493.
  • ‘How should we integrate Jewish history and culture into the history and literatures of Central and Eastern Europe,’ NewsNet: The Newsletter of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, vol. 41, n. 4, September 2001, 1-6.
  • (with Monika Garbowska) ‘Caught in Half-Sentence’: Polish-Jewish Writing before World War 1 and in Interwar Poland’, in Rodział współnej historii: Studia z dziejów Żydów w Polsce, Festschrift for Professor Jerzy Tomaszewski (Warsaw, 2001) 129-151.
  • (with Monika Garbowska) ‘Post-war Polish-Jewish Literary Accounts of the Holocaust’ in The Holocaust: History and Memory. Essays Presented in Honor of Israel Gutman (Jerusalem, 2001), 39-78.
  • ‘What Made the Massacre at Jedwabne Possible?’ The Polish Review, New York, vol. xlvi, 2001, no. 41; 402-17.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 14, London, 2001, Focussing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands, 3-18.
  • (With Sarunas Liekis and Lidia Miliakova) ‘Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish-Soviet Conflict’, POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 14, 116-149.
  • ‘Jerzy Turowicz: Obituary’, in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 14, London, 2001, Focussing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands, 426-8.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 15, Focusing on Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900, London, 2002, 3-57.
  • ‘Jakie mamy cele i na ile udało nam się je osiągnąć,’ in Śladami POLIN: Studia z dziejów Żydów w Polsce, Warsaw, 2002, 28-56.
  • ‘Bal w Operze: Julian Tuwim’s Jewish Apocalypse’ Gal-Ed: On the History of Jews in Poland, XVII, Tel Aviv, 2002, Special Volume in Honor of Emanuel Melzer, 119-143.
  • ‘Oltre il filosemitismo e l’antisemitismo verso la normalizzazione: la ‘questione ebraica’ in Polonia (1985-2000), La Rassegna Mensile di Israel, vol. LXVIII, no. 1, January-April 2002, 77-112.
  • Introduction to Florian Mayevski, Fire Without Smoke: Memoirs of a Polish Partisan. The Library of Holocaust Testimonies, London, 2002, 1-6.
  • ‘The New Jewish Politics and Its Discontents’ in (ed.) Zvi Gitelman, The Emergence of Modern Jewish Politics: Bundism and Zionism in Eastern Europe, Pittsburgh, 2003, 35-53.
  • Introduction to Alexandre Blumstein, A Little House on Mount Carmel. The Library of Holocaust Testimonies, London, 2003, xiii-xxii.
  • Introduction to Sarunas Liekis, A State within a State?: Jewish Autonomy in Lithuania 1918-1925, Vilnius, 2003, vii-xiv.
  • ‘Poland Confronts its Past’, Internationale Politik, no. 2, 2003, 65-73.
  • ‘Piotr Wandycz: An Appreciation’, in Mieczysław Biskupski (ed.), Ideology, Politics and Diplomacy in East Central Europe, Rochester, 2003, xiii-xix.
  • Entry on Adolf Rudnicki for Dictionary of Literary Biography, volume 299, Holocaust Novelists, edited by Efraim Sicher, Thomson Gale, 2004.
  • (with Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska) ‘Polish-Jewish literature: An outline’, in (eds.) Marcel Cornis-Pope and John Neubauer, History of the Literary Cultures of East-Central Europe, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 2004, 435-441.
  • ‘Poles, Jews and the Problems of a Divided Memory’, Ab Imperio: Studies of New Imperial History and Nationalism in the Post-Soviet Space, 2/2004, Kazan, 125-147.
  • ‘Introduzione’ to Chone Shmeruk, Breve storia della letteratura yiddish, Voland, Rome, 2004, 9-16.
  • ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 17, London 2004, The Shtetl: Myth and Reality, 3-24.
  • ‘Rafael Scharf: Obituary’, in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 17, London 2004, The Shtetl: Myth and Reality, 452-9.
  • ‘George Szabad: Obituary’, in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 17, London 2004, The Shtetl: Myth and Reality, 462-3.
  • ‘Foreword’ to Sean Martin, Jewish Life in Kraków 1918-1939, London, 2004, ix-xiii.
  • ‘Foreword’, to Maciej Gołąb, Józef Koffler: Compositional Style and Source Documents, Los Angeles, xiii-xviii.
  • (with Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska) ‘Polish-Jewish Writing in Interwar Poland’, in Jewish Studes, 42 (2003-4), 17-44.
  • ‘Jews in Publishing: POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry’, European Jewry, volume 37, no. 2, Autumn 2004, 39-62.
  • ‘Dlaczego mord w Jedwabnym był możliwy?’, in Krysztof Jasiewicz (ed.), Świat nie pożegnany: Żydzi na dawnych ziemach wschodnich Rzeczypospolitej w XVII-XX wieku (Warsaw, 2005), 702-715.
  • ‘Foreword’ to Arnold Mostowicz, With a Yellow Star and a Red Cross: A Doctor in the Łódź ghetto, (London, 2005), xiii-xxi.
  • (with Sarunas Liekis and Lidija Miliakova),‘Peirvarta pries zydus buvusiose Lietuvuos-Lenkijos zemese 1919 m.’, in (eds.) Kai ksenofobija virsta prievarta (Vilnius, 2005), 212-248.
  • ‘“Why did they hate Tuwim Boy so much?” Jews and “Artificial Jews” in the Literary Polemics in the Second Polish Republic’, in (ed.) Robert Blobaum, Antisemitism and its Opponents in Modern Poland, (Ithaca, 2005), 189-209.
  • (with Joanna Michlic) ‘Catholicism and the Jews in Post-Communist Poland’ in Jews, Catholics, and the Burden of History: Studies in Contemporary Jewry volume XXI (New York, 2005), 35-64.
  • ‘La memoria divisa in polonia. Polacchi, ebrei e il dibattito su Jedwabne’, in A. Triulzi (ed.), Dopo la violenza: costruzioni di memoria nel mondo contemporaneo (Naples, 2005), 99-120.
  • (with Mieczysław Biskupski), ‘Introduction’ to POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 19.
  • ‘The Jedwabne Debate in America’ in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 19.
  • ‘The Dedication of the New Synagogue in Poznań (Posen)’ in POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 20 (London, 2007), 446-456.
  • ‘Why did the Germans persecute the Jews’, in ‘Difficult Question in Polish-Jewish Dialogue (Warsaw, 2007), 44-47.
  • ‘Polish-Jewish Relations since 1984: Reflections of a Participant’ in Robert Cherry and Annamaria Orla-Bukowska (eds), Rethinking Poles and Jews: Troubled Past, Brighter Future (Lanham, MD, 2007), 121-133.

Completed Manuscripts


  • The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia 1350 to the present day. Volume 1, 1350-1881.
  • The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia 1350 to the present day. Volume 2, 1881-1914.

Books edited

  • POLIN: Studies in Polish Jewry, volume 21, 1968 Forty Years after, to appear fall, 2008.


  • with Natalia Aleksiun, ‘Introduction’, Project to Publish the Early Testimonies of Holocaust Surivors preserved in the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, to appear in spring 2005.
  • ‘Poland Facing the Shoah: Polish Society and the Warsaw Ghetto’ to be published in the volume commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising by the Memorial du Martyr Juif Inconnu of the Centre de Documentation Juif Contemporaine.
  • Introduction to Antoni Marionowicz, ‘Life Strictly Forbidden’.
  • Entries for YIVO Encylopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe.
  • The Zaleski Lectures: ‘“The Conquest of History?” Towards a Usable Past in Poland’. Lecture 1: The Assessment of the History of Poland since 1939; Lecture 2: The Problem of the Dark Past; Lecture 3: Polish-German and Polish-Ukrainian Historical Controversies to be published in the summer by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute.
  • ‘Insiders-Outsiders: Poles and Jews in Recent Polish-Jewish Fiction and Autobiography’ to appear in Festschrift for Ezra Mendelsohn.

Work in Progress

  • A synthetic account of the history of the Jews of the lands of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1350 to the present day entitled ‘A History of the Jews of Poland and Russia’. Volume 1 which goes down to 1914 is with the publisher.
  • ‘Poland, 1764 to the Present Day’ to appear in the Oxford History of Europe edited by Sir William Deakin and Lord Bullock.